Sunday, July 12, 2015
Learning, the Brain, and Information Processing Theory
This week, I had the need to find resources that provided information on the brain and learning, information processing theory, and problem-solving methods during the learning process.
One resource I found was located on education.com and focused on information processing theory. Gregory Schraw and Matthew McCrudden do a great job of breaking down the information processing model or IPM. They explore each main component of IPM, which are sensory memory, working memory, and long-term memory. They include tables and figures to illustrate the blueprint of the IPM. They do a great job of tying all of the information together and sum it all up by explaining four implications for improving learning and instruction. Definitely check out the article located here: http://www.education.com/reference/article/information-processing-theory/
Another resource I was able to locate focused on problem solving. Richard Mayer and Merlin Wittrock start by clearly defining what a problem is. This may seem obvious, but understanding the correct definition lays the groundwork for breaking down the different methods of problem solving. The authors want us to “think of problem solving as a kind of thinking.” They break down the types of problems (well-defined or ill-defined) and provide examples to reinforce the explanations. The authors go on to explain cognitive processes in problem solving and theories of problem solving. In their last section, teaching of problem solving, they explain what to teach, how to teach, where to teach, and when to teach. This simplified approach can help a person grasp larger, more complex concepts related to problem solving. For me, learning the smaller, simplified chunks makes learning seem less like work and more engaging. The article is located here: http://www.education.com/reference/article/problem-solving1/
I recommend people interested in learning to bookmark Education.com. It has a large number of relevant articles as well as endless resources pertaining to training and education for all levels of learners.